1. Noun phrase
- form of noun phrase
Example : Iqbal is a boy
- Determine + Noun
Example : a book is my own.
- Determine + Adjective + Noun
Example : A beautiful girl
- Gerund + Noun
Example : I draw on the drawing table.
- Noun + Gerund
Example : I buy a gold mining
- Noun + Noun
Example : Red book is Nanda’s book
- Determine + Gerund
Example : the meaning
- Noun + Prepositional phrase
Example : in the hospital
- Adjective + Noun + Prepositional
Example : a handsome boy in my house
2. Adjective Phrase
Explain about Noun
Examples : a. He bought a table made of wood.
b. I saw an elephant with white skin.
3. Adverb Phrase
Menerangkan tentang Verb, Sesama Verb dan Adjective.
A. Kinds of adverb of Phrase
- Adverb of Time
e.g : I arrived yesterday
- Adverb of Place
e.g : My father is in the office
- Adverb of Manner
e.g : The driver drove the car in a full speed
- Adverb of Degree
e.g : She is very quickly
- Adverb of Number
e.g : I take a bath twice a day
- Interrogative Adverb
e.g : what do you do
- Relative Adverb
e.g : I see you when you see me
- Comparative forms of Adverbs
4. Verb Phrase
A. Form of Verb Phrase
There are 7 form of Phrase
1. Invinitive Phrase
Start with an infinitive which is followed by any objects and / or modifiers.
Example : I must study to pass my winter exams with good marks.
Object : My winter exams.
Modifier : With good marks
Infinite Phrase : to pass my winter exams with good marks.
2. Participial Phrases
Consist of either a pas or a present participle and any objects and / or modifiers.
Example : The dog keenly hunting the dugs must be a thoroughbred.
Participal : Hunting
Object : The dugs.
Modifier : Keenly.
Participal Phrase: keenly hunting the ducks.
3. Gerund Phrase
Consist of a gerund and any objects and / or modifiers.
Example : I enjoy riding my bike in the evening.
Direct object : My bike
Modifiers : In the evening.
Example : I write a letter on the paper to my boyfriend.
5. Aux + Verb
Example : I do write a letter until morning.
6. Verb + Preposition
Example : She looks at you
1. Noun Clause
A. Function of Noun Clause
- Noun Clause as Subject
e.g : a. What you said made the crowd angry.
b. For you not finish school now would be foolish.
- Noun Clause as Subject Complement
e.g : a. The thief will be whoever has blue ink on their hands.
b. That noise is the dog crying in his crate.
- Direct Object
e.g : a. I would hate for you to get sick.
b. My son eats whatever we put on his plate.
- Object Complement
e.g : a. You may call my husband whatever you wish.
- Indirect object
e.g : a. my classmate gave me singing the school song a gold star.
b. The family court judge will give what the children want some consideration.
- Prepositional Complement
e.g : a. His wife listened to him singing in the shower.
b. The students are thinking about what they just learned in class.
- Adjective phrase Complement
e.g : a. My supervisor is worried that the roof will leak again.
b. I am sad that my husband is ill.
- Noun phrase
e.g : a. The claim that the earth is flat was once widely believed.
b. Our hope that peace will be archieved is possible.
- Form of noun clause
1. Person (first, second, third)
e.g : a. She is my friend
2. Number (singular and plural)
e.g : a. singular noun = a pen, a table
b. plural noun = pens, tables
3. Tense (present and past)
e.g : a. mother cooks rice every morning (present)
b. bought this car in Jakarta (past)
2. Adjective Clause
- Form of Relative Clause
Explain about Reason
e.g : The reason why he comes late is very confused.
Explain about time
e.g : I can’t predict when the train arrived.
Explain about place
e.g : The house where I lived is very far.
Explain about way or manner
e.g : He teaches me how to make a cake.
e.g : The car you hit belongs to the man whose daughter is my classmate.
e.g : the girl who stands in front of the door is my friend.
e.g : The cat which white fur is mine
Can be used to all antecedent.
e.g : The woman that works in the bakery is my neighbor.
- Function of Relative Clause
- Relative Clause as Adjective
e.g : The boy whose book I borrowed is very hungky.
- Relative Clause as Subject
e.g : The bird that is soaring in the sky is a seagull.
- Relative Clause as Direct Object
e.g : The book that you panned is really very good.
- Relative Clause as an Object of a Preposition
e.g : The woman of whom you spoke is my boss.
3. Adverb Clause
Kinds of Adverb Clause
1. Adverb Clause of Place
e.g : a. I will go wherever you go.
b. Put the pen where you take it.
2. Adverb Clause of Time
e.g : a. After you finished the work, we went house.
b. She comes to my house when I take a bath.
3. Adverb Clause of Reason or Cause
e.g : I did not come because I was sick.
4. Adverb Clause of Supposition
e.g : a. Although the falls, He still comes to school.
b. Although he was sick, He came.
5. Adverb Clause of Condition
e.g : If I study hard, I will be success.
6. Adverb Clause of result or consequence
7. Adverb Clause of Purpose
8. Adverb Clause of Degree or Comparison
Frank, Marcella: 1972. Modern English
http://faculty-deanza.edu/fleming john/stories/story reader $ 23.
http://heather-marie-kosur.suite 101.com/English verbs and verb-phrase-a106135
Sulastri, Learning English Grammar, Karya Gemilang Utama, Surabaya