INTAN AMELIA Project Based Learning (PBL)

What Is PBL?

In Project Based Learning (PBL), students go through an extended process of inquiry in response to a complex question, problem, or challenge. Rigorous projects help students learn key academic content and practice 21st Century Skills (such as collaboration, communication & critical thinking).

Why teach with PBL ?

Project learning, also known as project-based learning, is a dynamic approach to teaching in which students explore real-world problems and challenges, simultaneously developing cross-curriculum skills while working in small collaborative groups.

Approach of PBL

  • Curriculum
  • Responsibility
  • Realism
  • Active-learning
  • Feed-back
  • General Skills
  • Driving Question
  • Constructive Investigations
  • Autonomy


  • (authenticity)
  • (academic rigor)
  • (adultt/expert relationship)
  • (active exploration)
  • (applied learning)
  • (assessment)

Principles and purpose of Project Base Learning

  1. Students charged with responsibility for education in which they live, and are directed to be less dependent on teacher
  2. Forming an independent student who can continue the learning process on the lives and careers that they would have
  3. Teachers act more as facilitators or tutors who guide students through the educational process
  4. Challenged the students to further develop critical thinking skills and be able to settle the issue effectively
  5. The learning process is formed from the irregularity and complexity of the problem, it is used as an incentive for students to learn to integrate and organize the information so obtained will be always remembered and applied to solve the problem to be faced.


  • Start with the essential question
  • Design a plan for the project
  • Create a schedule
  • Monitor the students and the progress of the project
  • Access  the  outcome
  • Evaluate the experience

Why Is PBL Important?

  • PBL Helps Students Develop Skills for Living in a Knowledge-Based, Highly Technological Society
  • PBL and Technology Use Bring a New Relevance to the Learning at Hand
  • PBL Lends Itself to Authentic Assessment
  • PBL Promotes Lifelong Learning
  • PBL Accommodates Students with Varying Learning Styles and Differences


What Is Project-Based Learning About?

  • PBL Is Curriculum Fueled and Standards Based
  • PBL Asks a Question or Poses a Problem That Each Student Can Answer
  • PBL Allows Students to Delve into Content in a More Direct and Meaningful Way
  • PBL Asks Students to Investigate Issues and Topics Addressing Real-World Problems While Integrating Subjects Across the Curriculum
  • PBL Fosters Abstract, Intellectual Tasks to Explore Complex Issues

Teaching activities in the PBL approach

  • Project Design.
  • Learning outcomes
  • The focus point
  • Activities and deliverables
  • Method
  • Monitoring and Control
  • Support
  • Appraisal
  • Feed-back



Student activities in the PBL approach


  • visualize the activity of the project and find the task to be done
  • Schedule
  • organizing the learning material
  • document setting (computer-files)
  • sends a message to the teacher or expert
  • self-assessment.


  • Brainstorming
  • Discussion
  • editing of documents together
  • Synchronization of communication through audio, video, or text.
  • organize groups of documents
  • task scheduling
  • peer assessment.


Inter Group

  • Presentation
  • Peer reviews
  • Contribute to the discussion forum.



The advantages of the PBL approach.

  • PBL can motivate students to engage him in his study, letting the appropriate interest, answer questions and to make decisions in the process of learning.
  • PBL provides the opportunity of learning a variety of disciplines. PBL helps link ages life outside of school, pay attention to the real world, and develop real skills.
  • PBL provides a unique opportunity for teachers to build relationships with students, as a coach, facilitator, and co-learner.
  • PBL provides opportunities to build relationships with a large community.

Disadvantages of PBL

  • PBL requires a lot of time that should be provided to solve complex problems.
  • Many parents of students who feel aggrieved, because it adds cost to enter the new system.
  • Many teachers feel comfortable with the traditional classroom, where teachers play a major role in the classroom. This is a difficult transition, especially for teachers who have little or no control of the technology.
  • The amount of equipment that must be provide



Project-based learning is learning to use the issue as a first step in collecting and integrating new knowledge based on experience in real activity. Implementation of project-based learning for students to have categories, namely to develop the skills, researching problems and create solutions. On a project-based learning students are required active and capable of creating an alternative solution to the problem presented.




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